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Calvinism - pagina 8

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Calvinism - pagina 8

the origin and safeguard of our constitutional liberties

2 minuten leestijd

Cahnnism and



were formulated, one hundred years before, by the Calvinists in France.

In spite, however, of these clearly-outlined traits of re-


in their

plan of colonization, in the

paid to the liberty of conscience,


in politics, the

in their

homage they

morals and

in their

Independents and the Hugue-

nots do not occupy the same standpoint.

Both are repre-

sentatives of Calvinism, but each in a different phase of its

With Robinson, Calvinism is more broadly deLa Noue. This has already


veloped than with de Coligni or

been shown by the violence and bitterness of the troubles between the Independents and the Presbyterians. For the Presbyterians in England

Huguenots proposed

demanded the very thing which the in

France, both for church and state.

In the church they did not want,

what the Independents

for: a circle of free, autonomic congregations. They demanded a thoroughly-organized ecclesiasticism, in which authority was vested with the synod, and from which the in-


fluence and voice of the laity were carefully excluded. this fusion of the free congregations into

In 1559

one church union

was effected, and only in our century has the appointing power of the boards been abolished. Was this a necessary consequence of the Calvinistic


By no means.


Switzerland there was no mention at this time of a synodic

During Calvin's lifetime there never was anything more than a consistory in Geneva. Calvin's church was absolutely autonomic. No: the motive for this close organization had another origin; its cause was not ecclesiastical, but political, and was not born of spiritual, but military interests.


Consider the times. of Amboise, its limit,



In 1559, shortly before the conspiracy

that passive endurance had reached and that the issue was not to be decided but by the The prelude of civil war had begun, and it was well

known, that




such a war organization, unity of action and

leadership were indispensable, but the idea was not yet born

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Bekijk de hele uitgave van dinsdag 1 januari 1895

Abraham Kuyper Collection | 34 Pagina's

Calvinism - pagina 8

Bekijk de hele uitgave van dinsdag 1 januari 1895

Abraham Kuyper Collection | 34 Pagina's